Technology & Innovation

Immigrants make up 25 percent of the U.S. science & technology workforce.

Immigrants make up not only 25 percent of the total tech workforce, but 34 percent of master’s-degree holders and 42 percent of doctoral engineering and science workers. This includes 48 percent of master’s-degree chemists and 56 percent of master’s-degree software engineers; and at doctoral levels, 63 percent of chemical engineers, 64 percent of software and electrical engineers, 33 percent of biologists, 35 percent of oceanographers, and 45 percent of agricultural science doctorates. Also 64 percent of 2013 Oscar winners, 28 percent of major league ballplayers, 25 percent of patent applicants, and 16 percent of the 142 million U.S. workers.

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Technology & Innovation

Chinese student enrollment in the United States has tripled in the last five years.

As this year’s last aspiring Double-E, the final ESOL enrollee, and the penultimate management trainee order their caps and gowns: 764,495 of America’s 19 million university students arrived at campus from abroad this year.
The total has grown by nearly 200,000 since 2007, and makes up about a quarter of the world’s 3 million overseas students.

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Technology & Innovation

U.S. universities graduated 250,000 scientists and engineers last year.

Vannevar Bush, 1945: “We shall have rapid or slow advance on any scientific frontier depending on the number of highly qualified and trained scientists exploring it. … The real ceiling on our productivity of new scientific knowledge and its application in the war against disease, and the development of new products and new industries, is the number of trained scientists available.”

In 1986, science & technology majors accounted for 22 percent of U.S. college graduates; in 2000 the figure was down to 16.5 percent; in 2010, 15.3 percent.

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